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Groups into which Healthcare Professionals are Organized

As a result of the extensiveness of the field of medicine, specific healthcare professionals provide different types specialized services. Below is a comprehensive description of the various groups and subgroups into which medical professionals are organized. The categories include primary care, drug therapy, and nursing care.

Primary Care Professionals

This class of medical professionals is composed of physicians who ascertain the nature of patients’ illnesses during the initial medical check-up. It includes professionals in the following categories:

Nurse practitioners: These are medical doctors who have graduated in the particular areas of family medicine, geriatrics, adult care, and pediatrics.

General Doctors or Generalists: Generalists are medical professionals who are helped by physician assistants and possess specialized training in the fields of family medicine, internal, medicine, or pediatrics.

OB/GYNs: This sub-category of doctors specializes in obstetrics and gynecology.

Nursing Care Professionals

This is another major group, and it includes the following sub-categories:

Licensed practical nurses:  They are licensed caregivers specialized in the handling of numerous health conditions.

Registered Nurses: These nurses have graduated and successfully passed the state board exam. They are licensed to practice in particular states.

Advanced practice nurses: These categories of healthcare professionals are more experienced than registered nurses and have finished further education. They have the required skills and training in various fields such as cardiac and psychiatric health, anesthesia, and prenatal care.

Drug Therapy Professionals

This group of medical doctors has graduated from a college with specialization in pharmacy.  These professionals are experienced and qualified to dispense medication by following prescriptions prepared by a primary healthcare provider.
Pharmacists will provide information on the drugs available and administer the described drug for the patient’s need. They also advise patients on the required dosage and interactions of the drug and the type of side effects, if any, that the user should expect.

Specialty Care Professionals

These healthcare professionals possess extensive, specialized knowledge in several fields including allergy, dermatology, hematology, and nephrology.  Anyone experiencing problems with any parts of their body should consult them to ensure they receive specialized diagnosis and care.

12 Responses so far.

  1. Kevin M says:

    Can alternative medicine be included in Primary Care? It seems somehow that preventative medicine belongs to this category.

  2. Jhei says:

    Holy macaroni! Are there differences between Nurse Practitioners, Licensed Practical Nurses, Registered Nurses, and Advanced Practice Nurses? I always thought a nurse is a nurse… I did not expect that many categories.

  3. Yuen Ling Elaine Au Yeung says:

    “Pharmacists will provide information on the drugs available and administer the described drug for the patient’s need. ” In Ontario, Canada, pharmacists also, did the excellent job for the patients. In addition, the patients need to pay the dispensing fee for each drug.

  4. Mandy says:

    There are so many variations. What guidelines are in place for what nurse can do what? or what doctor can do what?

  5. Debbie says:

    This is a little worrisome. It almost makes me want to question my care in future. How do we know its the right doctor or right nurse for what is being addressed.

  6. ruthy says:

    its kinda difficult distinguishing the various categories. this article is a motivation to know more

  7. Arjun says:

    Is the above categories applicable for only USA or all over the world? I have heard a term “mid wife” in USA. Do they also come under nursing care professionals? How many years a student has to study to become a health care professional?

  8. Servello says:

    Thanks for explaining the different healthcare groups. I never realized the inner-working system necessary to keeep the health profession operating efficiently.

  9. Bill says:

    Are nurse practitioners actually doctors?

    I am sure they are very skilled and knowledgeable, but I think nurses and doctors have some role differences, right?

  10. Dicello says:

    I never understood what specialty care professionals do. I now understand that they deals with a variety of fields like allergies and dermatology and such. This is interesting to know.

  11. Tidwell says:

    This article really helped me to understand my career choice in health care. I will be studying to become a nurse so thanks for this information.

  12. vrimee says:

    Good Information . So there are totally four categories of health care professionals? In which of these categories does Surgeons belong? What about Psychiatrists?What is the difference between licensed practical nurses and registered nurses?

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